Polymerizable surfactant bears a carbon-carbon double bond that undergoes radical polymerization. During the initial stage through the middle stage of emulsion polymerization, HITENOL AR acts just as the same as conventional surfactants to stabilize the polymerization process. In the latter stage, HITENOL AR copolymerizes with the growing polymer and gets bonded to the surface of the polymer particles and creates a protective layer that stabilizes the polymer dispersion.
HITENOL AR can be used with the same application and condition as conventional surfactants during emulsion polymerization. Furthermore, HITENOL AR can solve various disadvantages caused by free surfactants that remain in the aqueous phase, as the chemically bond to the polymer particle’s surface and there are little free surfactants left in the aqueouse phase.